By W. South Coblin
‘Phags-pa chinese language is the earliest type of the chinese to be written in a systematically devised alphabetic script. it's named after its writer, an excellent thirteenth-century Tibetan scholar-monk who additionally served as political adviser to Kublai Khan. ‘Phags-pa’s invention of an alphabet for the Mongolian language is still a very vital accomplishment, either conceptually and virtually. With it he accomplished not anything lower than the production of a unified script for the entire a number of peoples within the Mongolian empire, together with the primary Asian Turks and Sinitic-speaking Chinese.‘Phags-pa is of mammoth significance for the learn of premodern chinese language phonology. in spite of the fact that, the script is hard to learn and interpret, and secondary fabrics on it are scattered and never simply got. the current booklet is meant as a pragmatic advent to ‘Phags-pa chinese language stories and a advisor for analyzing and analyzing the script. It involves components. the 1st half is an introductory part comprising 4 chapters. this can be by means of a thesaurus of ‘Phags-pa chinese language types and their corresponding chinese language characters, including p?ny?n and stroke order indexes to these characters. the 1st introductory bankruptcy outlines the discovery of the ‘Phags-pa writing process, summarizes the key sorts of fabric preserved in it, and describes the old and linguistic contexts within which this invention happened. Following chapters element the historical past of ‘Phags-pa reviews, the alphabet and its interpretation, and the salient positive factors of the underlying sound process represented via the script, evaluating it with these of assorted later different types of chinese language which were recorded in alphabetic sources.A guide of ‘Phags-pa chinese language can be of certain curiosity to chinese language ancient phonologists and students thinking about the background and tradition of China and primary Asia through the Yuan interval (1279–1368 A.D.).
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Additional resources for A Handbook of 'Phags-pa Chinese (ABC Chinese Dictionary Series)
Both a paleographic transcription of the original spelling forms and a phonetic interpretation are given for each entry. This is followed by the head character of each true homophone group in the line, marked by tone. The numbered entry lines are keyed to the page numbers of the Kansai University and Luo and Cai facsimiles. Thus, one can juxtapose this list with whichever facsimile one has in hand and match any particular line in both. At the end of the list (1971: 133-134), Cheng Tsai Fa's supplementary material is added.
Hashimoto (1974) is actually a work of monographic length and consists of two parts. The first is a table in which all syllable types in the MGZY are arranged according to the QYS, as represented in the Fangyfm diiLOChft zibiiio 7J§WEJ~* promulgated by the Chinese Academy of Sciences. The second part tabulates, according to the syllabic order of occurrence in the MGZY, all forms from the Baijia:xing, the 'Phags-pa inscriptions, and the Buddhist sutras. In preparing this compendium a critical edition of the Baijia:xing was compiled, based on all four known versions.
And, third, to our knowledge no historical, demographic, or linguistic evidence has ever been presented that 'Phags-pa Chinese is directly ancestral to any known later Chinese dialect or koine, either a textually attested pre-modem one or a currently spoken one. Any claim for such a tie would need to be rigorously demonstrated before it could be seriously entertained. Now, let us shift to a more positive tack. 5 of Chapter 1 above, that it may have been a lingua franca of late JIn/late Southern Song times, and in particular one which was used in the personal entourage of Prince Qubilai (later Emperor Sh'izu of Yuan).
A Handbook of 'Phags-pa Chinese (ABC Chinese Dictionary Series) by W. South Coblin
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